Meteorology is the science that deals with the atmosphere and its phenomena. Major area's of research concern the weather, weather forecasting and atmospheric composition.
When discussing technology of instruments, sensors and observing systems, as much as possible we follow the categories of WMO, World Meteorological Organisation, laid down in the Manual on Instruments and Methods of Observation.
However, some adaptations have been made:
We have added categories of soil heat flux, soil conductivity, soil thermal properties (conductivity / resistivity), ground water level, water level, water flow, water temperature, water composition, cloud properties, acoustic noise and lightning.
Atmospheric composition has been separated into atmospheric gasses and aerosols. The gasses include ozone, which is no longer treated as a separate category. The "state of the ground" has been separated from past and present weather. Radiation includes sunshine duration.
|Soil: Moisture, Temperature, Heat Flux, Conductivity, Thermal Properties|
|State of the Ground|
|Ground Water level|
|Upper Air: Pressure, Temperature, Humidity, Wind|
|Present and Past Weather|
|Clouds: Observation, Properties|
|Atmospheric Composition: Gasses, Aerosols|
Water: Flow, Temperature, Level, Composition
Acoustic noise: Level
And on the sideline for agro-meteorology:
Plants: Sap flow, leaf parameters, plant physiology etc
Sensors need to be calibrated: see Calibration.